ThinkChina Podcast: ChinaTalks Lecture on Shan-Shui City – Exploring Sustainable Urban Development in China
Re-listen to Professor Hu Jie's ChinaTalks lecture on the Shan-Shui City concept and how it relates to sustainable urban development in China
The 21st century can be regarded as an “urban” century. China is now experiencing an accelerated period of urbanization, which has brought rapid development while also urban problems, such as environmental pollution, ecological deterioration and the loss of cultural and regional characteristics.
The concept of Shan-Shui City advocates building cities in accordance with local conditions and respect for local culture. Looking back in history, the relationship between humans and nature has been considered in Chinese civilization since ancient times. The geomorphology and cultural features lead to the Shan-shui city idea. Some famous ancient cities, such as Xian Yang (Qin Dynasty), Lin An (Song Dynasty) and Beijing (Yuan, Ming, Qing Dynasty), are the examples of the pattern of geomantic places.
The characteristics of Shan-shui city include integrating artificial with natural, ecological renaissance, artistic conception, integrity and unity. Some practical projects following Shan-shui concept are introduced, such as Beijing Olympic Forest Park, Tieling Fanhe New City Landscape Planning, Tangshan Nanhu Eco-city Central Park, Core Area of Yulong New City Landscape Planning in Fuxin City, Longwan Central Business District Landscape Planning in Huludao Ctiy and the Comprehensive Plan of Beijing’s 2019 International Horticultural Expo.